Saturday, November 27th, 2021

Managing weight in diabetes: Which diets are most effective?

The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) reports that 1 in 10 adults are living with diabetes. Type 2 diabetes accounts for more than 90%Trusted Source of these cases.

The IDF estimates that diabetes will affect 643 million people worldwide by 2030, with the number rising to 784 million by 2045.
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A number of studies have investigated the impact of weight loss on type 2 diabetes. However,weight loss can vary widely between diets, and comparisons have produced conflicting resultsTrusted Source. There is still uncertainty over which type of diet medical professionals should recommend.

A global team of researchers led by Prof. Michael Lean of the University of Glasgow in the United Kingdom set out to examine the previous research.

Their aim was to find the most effective dietary approach for losing weight, maintaining weight loss, and achieving remission from type 2 diabetes. The research is part of a program of work to update the recommendations of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes.

The researchers found that very low energy diets and meal replacements were the most effective way for people with type 2 diabetes to manage their weight. The review results appear in the journal Diabetologia.

Dr. Lucy Chambers, head of Research Communications at Diabetes UK, told Medical News Today, “This review, which combines findings from many studies, answers important questions about which diets are most effective for weight loss and remission in people with type 2 diabetes.”

processed foods
sugar
unhealthy oils
excess amounts of red meat
alcohol
Some foods that are known for their anti-inflammatory properties include:

fish
fruits
vegetables
nuts and seeds
tea
legumes, such as lentils
Being able to measure the inflammatory potential of different diets may help clinicians recommend dietary interventions for cognitive health.

However, until now, there has been little research into the effects of an inflammatory diet on cognitive health. Although some studies suggest that increased intakes of inflammatory diets have negative effects on cognitive ability and memory, others have found no linkTrusted Source.

 

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