Blood performs one of the vital functions in the human body, it supplies oxygen to each and every part of the body. Blood contains equal amounts of red blood cells and white blood cells. When the blood cells are abnormally produced in large amounts and the proper functioning of the cells is affected, this condition is called blood cancer, blood cancer is also known as Hematologic cancer. In this article, we will learn some facts about blood cancers.

There are no accurate tests to diagnose blood cancer in an early stage:

One can easily detect breast cancer and colorectal cancer with the help of proper screening tests. However, for blood cancers, there are no such screening tests for the early detection of blood cancer. Usually, blood cancer is not detected until the patients experience the symptoms.

There are some warning signs:

Blood cancer just like any other cancer or other disease show some warning signs, the warning signs of blood cancer typically are:

  • Bone or joint pain.
  • Anemia
  • Fever chills.
  • Abnormal weight loss.
  • Feeling of weakness or fatigue throughout the day.
  • Swollen liver, spleen, and lymph.

So if a person is experiencing any such signs in them lately then they are advised to consult their doctor immediately.

There are three types of blood cancer:

Blood cancer has three main categories:

  • Leukemia
  • Hodgkin lymphoma
  • multiple myeloma

Leukemia: Leukemia is a type of blood cancer that originates in the blood and the bone marrow. Leukemia is caused when the human body produces way too many abnormal white blood cells which interfere with the ability of the bone marrow to produce the red blood cells and platelets.

The most common signs and symptoms of Leukemia are:

  • Anemia
  • Poor blood clotting
  • Getting sick more often
  • Severe bone pain

Hodgkin Lymphoma: Hodgkin lymphoma is a type of blood cancer that happens to be developed in the lymphatic system of the cells called lymphocytes. Hodgkin Lymphoma is characterized by the presence of an abnormal lymphocyte known as Reed-Sternberg cell.

The most common signs and symptoms of Hodgkin lymphoma are:

  • Fever
  • Night sweats
  • Feeling tired
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Itchy skin

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is a type of blood cancer that happens to be developed in the lymphatic system of the cells just like Hodgkin lymphoma.

The symptoms and warning signs of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma are quite similar to Hodgkin lymphoma, they are:

  • Fever
  • Night sweats
  • Feeling tired
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Itchy skin

Multiple Myeloma: Multiple Myeloma is a type of blood cancer that starts in the blood plasma cell, a kind of white blood cell produced in the bone marrow. Multiple Myeloma causes high levels of calcium in the patient’s body and therefore the patient may experience symptoms such as:

  • Nausea and stomach pain
  • Excessive thirst and urination
  • Constipation
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weakness
  • Confusion

Not every kind of leukemia show similar kind of symptoms:

There are two major kinds of leukemia, chronic leukemia, and acute leukemia. Chronic leukemia grows in the more mature cells, these cells act quite and stable for a while but later they start multiplying at an abnormal rate. In which chronic leukemia can go unnoticed for several years. However, acute leukemia grows in immature cells and they multiply rapidly, thus known as blast. Therefore, it requires immediate treatment.

Not every blood cancer is treated right away:

Chronic leukemia does not require immediate treatment as the growth of cells is super low. People who have chronic leukemia also do not experience any kind of symptoms that early so the doctors see and study the case and they start giving treatment only if the growth of the cells are abnormal and rapid. However, if a patient personally wants to be treated immediately then they can talk to their doctor and start their treatment.

The survival rates of blood cancer are high:

When it comes to the children who have leukemia the survival rate of them is as high as 90% and coming to adults the survival rate is also pretty good, it is proven that 60% of adults who got leukemia are cured. This shows how much medical science is improved and how efficient doctors have become in these modern days, (hyperlink) There are several hospitals that treat blood cancer. ( our hospitals’ link)

The cases of blood cancers are increasing rapidly:

The number of people developing blood cancer is increasing by every year. It is increasing at the rate of 0.2% every year from 2001 to 2011. However, the survival rate of blood cancer is also increasing. Leukemia is more common in men than in women.

There are no so-called preventive measures for blood cancer:

There are no preventive measures stated by doctors or science for blood cancer. However, following a proper diet plan, workout, and being away from alcohol, drug and substances, you can improve your health conditions and boost your immunity.

Shashi Kumar

Shashi Kumar

Author is an avid professional marketer, content writer and engage in healthcare industry to enable Integrated health care access globally. Visit us: https://www.mozocare.com

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